Friday, November 26, 2010

Bird Flu

1. What is called Flu-Bird?
Avian Influenza is a disease caused by influenza viruses that attack birds / poultry / chicken. One type that need to be aware is caused by influenza viruses with H5N1 genetic code (H = Haemagglutinin, N = Neuramidase) which in addition can be transmitted from bird to bird turns can also be transmitted from birds to humans.
2.whom to watch out for and how to attack humans if clinical symptoms What to look out for is a) if a person works in the laboratory that processed samples from patients or infected animals or b) 1 week ago to work or visit the farm / slaughter poultry in an area affected or c) contact with people with Avian Influenza HPAI (Highly pathogenic Avian Influenza) or more specifically the H5N1 virus at the time the disease spreads easily and then suffer from the disease with symptoms: heat over 38 degrees Celsius, cough, and sore throat. Such patients by the WHO called Possible case of Influenza A (H5N1). The situation could become more severe if accompanied by shortness of breath occur pneumonia (inflammation of the lungs) and cause high mortality (Year 1997 in Hong Kong 33.33% death rate, or 6 of 18 cases).
3.long incubation period? And when the man how long the infeksiusnya? a) very short incubation period of 1-3 days, b) Although not yet proven the existence of transmission from human to human, infeksiusnya period (period in which patients with the Avian Flu H5N1 is estimated to be able to transmit the virus) is 1 day before symptoms appear and 3-5 days after symptoms appear with a maximum of 7 days (but there is literature that mention up to 21 days in children).
4.Wheter of Man is contagious diseases to humans such as SARS? Until now, from human to human transmission has not been proven. So far the transmission that occurs is of birds / poultry / chicken-Bird Flu to humans through bird droppings or secretary who pollute the air and the hands of handlers. However, in terms of the spread of plague that is feared is that if bird flu mutated gene, and becomes infectious from human to human as happened in SARS. 5.Whom most high risk of contracting bird flu? Those with high risk are farm workers, sellers and handlers poultry products / bird / chicken. Laboratory workers who examined the disease are also at high risk of contracting. Children and the elderly (60 years) and those who are in conditions of low immunity (long-term steroid users, drug sitostatica to cancer) is a group which is susceptible to severe disease prevention? Temporary recommendations for prevention for those involved in livestock / poultry slaughtering / birds / chickens en masse, especially in the affected area issued by WHO / WPRO Manila, January 14, 2004 the point is as follows. : a) Wash hands often, handlers should also do the disinfection of hands (can be with alcohol 70%, or a solution of chlorine of 0.5% for alat2/instrumen) b) Use personal protective equipment such as masks, gloves, protective glasses, protective shoes and protective clothing when carrying out duties dipeternakan affected or in laboratories c) They are exposed to poultry / birds / chickens suspected to be infected should be vaccinated with human influenza vaccine is recommended by WHO in order to prevent infection with a mixture of Avian-Human Flu-Bird, which is likely to cause flu-type virus that a new Bird infect humans. d) Perform a passive observation of their health and their families exposed. Pay attention to complaints such as flu, sore eyes, respiratory complaints.) People at high risk for influenza are those aged over 60 years, or a diseased lung and chronic heart should not be working in poultry / birds / chickens. e) Perform serological survey in those exposed, including the doctor-animal f) If there is a risk for inhaling the polluted air on the farm / place of slaughter of infected, diajurkan prevention with antiviral drugs (such as with oseltamivir 75 mg in capsules, 1 time a day for 7 days). g) Laboratory tests to confirm and isolate the virus cause: Please send the blood specimens and the tools in (intestine, liver, nose and mouth swabs, trachea, lung, spleen, kidney, brain and heart) of animals suspected of contracting the disease (including pig ) to a competent laboratory.
7.eating chicken meat or poultry can transmit the disease-Bird Flu Dirt and secretary fluids infected poultry can transmit when not in cooking. Warm 90 degrees Celsius within 1 minute to kill the virus. Source: WHO: Avian Influenza Fact Sheet, January 15, 2004 Draft Case-Definitions Influenza A/H5N1.

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